|The ability to appreciate and respond to music is an inborn quality in human beings. This ability usually remains unimpaired by handicap, injury or illness, and is not dependent on music training. For people who find verbal communication an inadequate form of self expression, music therapy offers a safe, secure space for the release of feelings. Furthermore, music therapy involves a relationship between the therapist and client in which music becomes a way of promoting change and growth.
What is music therapy?
There are different approaches to the use of music in therapy. Depending upon the needs of the client and the orientation of the therapist, different aspects of the work may be emphasised. Fundamental to all approaches, however, is the development of a relationship between the client and the therapist. Music-making forms the basis for communication in this relationship.
As a general rule both client and therapist take an active part in the sessions by playing, singing and listening. The therapist does not teach the client to sing or play an instrument. Rather, clients are encouraged to use accessible percussion and ethnic instruments and their own voices to explore the world of sound and to create a musical language of their own. By responding musically, the therapist is able to support and encourage this process.
The music played covers a wide range of styles in order to complement the individual needs of each client. Much of the music is improvised, thus enhancing the individual nature of each relationship. Through whatever form the therapy takes, the therapist aims to facilitate positive changes in behaviour and emotional well-being. He or she also aims to help the client to develop an increased sense of self-awareness, and thereby to enhance his or her quality of life. The process may take place in individual or group music therapy sessions.
Who is music therapy for?
Music therapists work with children and adults who have a wide range of needs, including learning disabilities, physical, emotional and psychological disorders and sensory impairments. The music therapists work in a variety of settings, such as hospitals, special schools, day centres, the community, the prison service and in private practice. they may be employed by the National Health Service, local Education Authorities or the Department of Social Services. Some may be funded by charitable organisations, trusts or be self employed. In all work settings, music therapists function as part of the multi-disciplinary team, their observations adding greatly to the understanding of each client’s needs, abilities or problems.
How can music therapy help?
The benefits gained from music therapy may be as varied as the needs of the clients using the service. For example, music can convey feeling without the use of words. For a person whose difficulties are mainly emotional, music therapy can provide a safe setting where ‘difficult’ or repressed feelings may be expressed and contained. By offering support and acceptance the therapist can help the client to work towards emotional release and self acceptance.
Music is essentially a social activity involving communication, listening and sharing. These skills may be developed within the musical relationship with the therapist and, in group therapy, with other members. As a result clients may develop a greater awareness of themselves in relation to others. This can include developing greater confidence in their own ability to make relationships and to find positive ways of making their needs known. It can greatly enhance their self-esteem
This info is from the site: www.healinghub.co.uk