School-aged children's experiences of postoperative music medicine on pain, distress, Toprol craiglist, 40mg Toprol, and anxiety.
Nilsson S, 150mg Toprol, 250mg Toprol, Kokinsky E, Nilsson U, Toprol usa, Toprol ebay, Sidenvall B, Enskär K, 30mg Toprol. 1000mg Toprol, Department of Paediatric Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Unit, The Queen Silvia Children's Hospital, 500mg Toprol, Toprol india, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Göteborg, 20mg Toprol.
Aim: To test whether postoperative music listening reduces morphine consumption and influence pain, distress, and anxiety after day surgery and to describe the experience of postoperative music listening in school-aged children who had undergone day surgery, Discount Toprol. Toprol canada, Background: Music medicine has been proposed to reduce distress, anxiety, 750mg Toprol, Toprol japan, and pain. There has been no other study that evaluates effects of music medicine (MusiCure((R))) in children after minor surgery, Toprol paypal. Toprol uk, Methods: Numbers of participants who required analgesics, individual doses, Toprol australia, Toprol mexico, objective pain scores (Face, Legs, Toprol overseas, 10mg Toprol, Activity, Cry, Toprol us, Toprol coupon, Consolability [FLACC]), vital signs, 50mg Toprol, and administration of anti-emetics were documented during postoperative recovery stay. Self-reported pain (Coloured Analogue Scale [CAS]), distress (Facial Affective Scale [FAS]), and anxiety (short State-Trait Anxiety Inventory [STAI]) were recorded before and after surgery. Discount Toprol, In conjunction with the completed intervention semi-structured qualitative interviews were conducted.
Results: Data were recorded from 80 children aged 7-16. Forty participants were randomized to music medicine and another 40 participants to a control group. We found evidence that children in the music group received less morphine in the postoperative care unit, 1/40 compared to 9/40 in the control group. Children's individual FAS scores were reduced but no other significant differences between the two groups concerning FAS, CAS, FLACC, short STAI, and vital signs were shown. Children experienced the music as 'calming and relaxing.'
Conclusions: Music medicine reduced the requirement of morphine and decreased the distress after minor surgery but did not else influence the postoperative care.
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